Related Programs

Check out the other related programs that have been or are still in operation.

Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research (AWI)
awi logoGermany’s leading institute for polar and marine research. Polar and marine research are central themes of global system and environmental science. The Alfred Wegener Institute conducts research in the Arctic, the Antarctic and at temperate latitudes. It coordinates polar research in Germany and provides both the necessary equipment and the essential logistical back up for polar expeditions. Recent additional research themes include North Sea Research, contributions to Marine Biological Monitoring, Marine Pollution Research, investigation of naturally occuring marine substances, and technical marine developments.
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Antarctic Climate Evolution (ACE)
ace logoACE is an international research initiative that has grown out of the ANTOSTRAT (ANTarctic Offshore STRATigraphy) project. ANTOSTRAT was sanctioned by SCAR (Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research) in 1996, to reconstruct the paleoclimatic and glacial history of the Antarctic region from the study of the sedimentary record surrounding the continent. The ANTOSTRAT program officially came to an end in July, 2002. The goal of ACE is to continue the study of Antarctic climate and glacial history, through paleoclimate and ice sheet modeling studies, purposefully integrated with geological investigations of the proxy record of ancient Antarctic climates and ice sheets. ACE is now an official SCAR program.
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Antarctic Ice Margin Evolution (ANTIME)
antime logoStudies in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean are critically important to our understanding of global climate and environmental variability. Several current issues, such as the continuing depletion of stratospheric ozone, the partial disintegration of ice-shelves, and uncertainties in Antarctic ice-sheet mass-balance and potential impact on sea-level, highlight the importance of the region. Regional properties and processes have important global consequences, from atmospheric composition to ocean circulation. In addition, the region is also susceptible to change in our global environment, potentially giving rise to strong feedbacks which could accelerate climatic change. Models of global climate predict the greatest changes at high latitudes. Evidence for the region’s involvement in the global environmental system are captured in natural archives such as ice and sediment. Records retrieved from these archives reveal the frequency and magnitude of natural climate variability over long timescales, prior to the few decades of direct observation.
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Antarctic Neotectonics (ANTEC)
antec logo Current page being updated.
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Antarctica New Zealand
ant nz logoAntarctica New Zealand was established under The New Zealand Antarctic Institute Act 1996 and is responsible for developing, managing, and administering New Zealand’s activities in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean, particularly the Ross Sea region. They are also responsible for enhancing New Zealand scientific research, and providing sound environmental stewardship. In addition to supporting scientific research through logistics planning and scholarships, Antarctica New Zealand runs arts, media and education programs. These increase public awareness and appreciation of Antarctica and it’s conservation values. Antarctica New Zealand is responsible for the year-round management of Scott Base, one of the first bases to be established in Antarctica. Scott Base provides services and accommodation for the many research parties and groups who visit Antarctica during the Austral summer.
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British Antarctic Survey (BAS)
bas logoThe British Antarctic Survey (BAS) is a component of the Natural Environment Research Council. Based in Cambridge UK, for almost 60 years, it has undertaken the majority of Britain’s scientific research on and around the Antarctic continent. BAS supports three stations in the Antarctic, at Rothera, Halley and Signy, and two stations on South Georgia, at King Edward Point and Bird Island. The Antarctic operations and science programs are executed and managed from Cambridge, and rely on a wide-ranging team of professional staff.
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Cape Roberts Project
crp logoThe Cape Roberts Project is a cooperative venture between scientists, administrators and Antarctic support personnel from 7 countries - Australia, Britain, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, New Zealand and the United States of America. It was set up to investigate the early history of the East Antarctic ice sheet and the West Antarctic Rift System by coring sedimentary strata near the edge of the present ice sheet and close to the Transantarctic Mountains. The project collected sediment core from three drillholes drilled from fast ice in McMurdo Sound in 1997, 1998, and 1999.
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EuroANDRILL
euroandrill logo EuroANDRILL is a new initiative to create a European network with the goal to increase future involvement of European countries in the ANDRILL [ANtarctic geological DRILLing] Program. EuroANDRILL will provide the venue for European scientists to: (1) participate in forthcoming projects and develop proposals with key scientific questions in other Antarctic margins, with strong European leadership and/or logistical support, and (2) help the international ANDRILL community prioritise future drill sites with the aim of better constraining the past and future dynamic behaviour of the Antarctic ice sheets. EuroANDRILL partners are Italy, Germany and United Kingdom (already members of ANDRILL consortium) and seven additional European countries : Spain, Belgium, Finland, France, Poland, Sweden, and The Netherlands. The United States, New Zealand, and Russia are non-EU collaborating parters of EuroANDRILL. The next phase of ANDRILL drilling is underdevelopment for the Coulman High region to the east of Ross Island, on the Ross Ice Shelf.
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European Project for Ice Coring in Antarctica (EPICA)
crp logoEPICA is a multinational European project for deep ice core drilling in Antarctica. Its main objective is to obtain full documentation of the climatic and atmospheric record archived in Antarctic ice by drilling and analyzing two ice cores and comparing these with their Greenland counterparts. Evaluation of these records will provide information about the natural climate variability and mechanisms of rapid climatic changes during the last glacial epoch.
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FASTDRILL
fastdrill logoThe scientific community interested in sampling polar ice sheets and their substrata has been growing recently and now incorporates biologists, geologists, and glaciologists. This multidisciplinary interest is opening new research frontiers. Significantly advancing our scientific understanding along many of these frontiers will require targeted sampling strategies and the acquisition of data from arrays of deep access holes on multiple spatial scales ranging from local to continent-wide. Recent advances in drilling technology may allow the development of a mobile drilling system capable of rapidly drilling arrays of boreholes through the 3-4 km thick polar ice sheets (Clow and Koci, 2000). A fast mechanical-access drill for polar glaciology, paleoclimatology, geology, tectonics, and biology: Mem. Natl. Inst. Polar Res., v. 56). Scientific applications that would be possible with a fast-access drilling system include, but would not be restricted to: sampling of subglacial geology, both glacially-related strata and bedrock; investigation of basal conditions and their control on ice sliding; geothermal heat flow measurements; providing access to subglacial lakes; detection of life in deep ice through sampling and borehole logging; site selection for deep ice cores; logging climate proxies with geophysical instruments; borehole paleothermometry; and ice rheology studies.
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Global Change and the Antarctic Continent (GLOCHANT)
glochant logoStudies in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean are critically important to our understanding of global climate and environmental variability. Several current issues, such as the continuing depletion of stratospheric ozone, the partial disintegration of ice-shelves, and uncertainties in Antarctic ice-sheet mass-balance and potential impact on sea-level, highlight the importance of the region. Regional properties and processes have important global consequences, from atmospheric composition to ocean circulation. In addition, the region is also susceptible to change in our global environment, potentially giving rise to strong feedbacks which could accelerate climatic change. Models of global climate predict the greatest changes at high latitudes. Evidence for the region’s involvement in the global environmental system are captured in natural archives such as ice and sediment. Records retrieved from these archives reveal the frequency and magnitude of natural climate variability over long timescales, prior to the few decades of direct observation. GLOCHANT now includes nine projects that cover physical studies on the ocean-ice-atmosphere system, palaeoenvironmental studies, and ecological studies on impacts and biogeochemistry. The SCAR global change programme has an ongoing interaction with the World Climate Research Programme and the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme. This relationship promotes Antarctic global change studies, and relates these to other regional and global studies.
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Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP)
iodp logoThe Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) is an international marine research program that explores Earth’s history and structure recorded in seafloor sediments and rocks, and monitors subseafloor environments. IODP builds upon the earlier successes of the Deep Sea Drilling Project (DSDP) and Ocean Drilling Program (ODP), which revolutionized our view of Earth history and global processes through ocean basin exploration. IODP greatly expands the reach of these previous programs by using multiple drilling platforms, including riser, riserless, and mission-specific, to achieve its scientific goals.
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International Continental Scientific Drilling Program (ICDP)
icdp logoThe International Continental Scientific Drilling Program is a multinational program to further and fund Geosciences in the field of Continental Scientific Drilling. Scientific Drilling is a critical tool in understanding of Earth processes and structure. It provides direct insight into Earth processes and critically tests geological models. Results obtained from drilling projects at critical sites can be applied to other areas worldwide. It is, therefore, believed that international cooperation in continental scientific drilling is an essential component for a responsible management strategy for the Earth’s natural resources and environment. Currently Austria, Canada, China, Czech Republic, Finland, Germany, Iceland, Japan, Mexico, Norway, Poland, South Africa and U.S.A. are members through national funding organizations or major research institutions. In addition, UNESCO, and Schlumberger Inc. are Corporate Affiliates, IODP is an associated member.
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International Geosphere-Biosphere Program (IGBP)
igbp logoIGBP's mission is to deliver scientific knowledge to help human societies develop in harmony with Earth's environment. Our scientific objective is to describe and understand the interactive physical, chemical and biological processes that regulate the total Earth System, the unique environment that it provides for life, the changes that are occurring in this system, and the manner in which they are influenced by human actions.
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International Marine Past Global Changes (IMAGES)
images logoIMAGES was initiated to respond to the challenge of understanding the mechanisms and consequences of climatic changes using oceanic sedimentary records. Climatic mechanisms must be studied at global scales using sophisticated models based on high quality data that represent the variability of surface and deep ocean physical and chemical characteristics during key periods of recent Earth history. Individual research is no longer sufficient to resolve this problem because the acquisition of the required, long sediment cores in high sedimentation rate areas is expensive, and the proper study of such cores demands the use of multiple tools and large numbers of measurements. IMAGES was built as an international effort for the marine sediment research of PAGES-IGBP, with the support of SCOR. The major goal of IMAGES is to foster co-ordination, at the international level, of scientific programs that address the scientific goals outlined in the IMAGES "Science and Implementation Plan."
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International Polar Year (IPY)
images logoA concerted worldwide effort is underway to plan scientific and educational activities for the upcoming International Polar Year (IPY). Scheduled to officially begin in March 2007, IPY promises to advance our understanding of how the Earth’s remote polar regions impact global climate systems, to bring about fundamental advances in many areas of science, and to fire the enthusiasm of young men and women for future careers in science and engineering.
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MARGINS Program
margins logoContinental margins are the Earth’s principal loci for producing hydrocarbon and metal resources, for earthquake, landslide, volcanic and climatic hazards, and for the greatest population density. Despite the societal and economic importance of margins, many of the mechanical, fluid, chemical and biological processes that shape them are poorly understood. Progress is hindered by the sheer scope of the problems and by the space and time scales as well as the complexities of the processes. To overcome these obstacles, the earth science community has identified the outstanding scientific problems in continental margins research and the MARGINS Program is promoting research strategies that redirect traditional approaches to margin studies. In particular, the MARGINS Program will focus on the coordinated, interdisciplinary investigation of four fundamental initiatives; the Seismogenic Zone Experiment, the Subduction Factory, Rupturing Continental Lithosphere, and Sediment Dynamics and Strata Formation (Source to Sink). Each initiative is associated with two focus sites, research locations selected by the community to address the complete range of field, experimental and theoretical studies, over the full range of spatial and temporal scales needed to address fundamental questions associated with each initiative. The MARGINS Focus Sites are shown on this web page. The MARGINS Program is funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF), and is driven by input from, and interaction with the earth science community.
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National Antarctic Programme for Italy (PNRA)
pnra logoItaly's Antarctic Program.
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Past Global Changes (PAGES)
pages logoPAGES (Past Global Changes) supports research aimed at understanding the Earth's past environment in order to make predictions for the future. We encourage international and interdisciplinary collaborations and seek to involve scientists from developing countries in the worldwide paleo-community. PAGES’ scope of interest includes the physical climate system, biogeochemical cycles, ecosystem processes, biodiversity, and human dimensions, on different time scales- Pleistocene, Holocene, last millennium and the recent past. PAGES, founded in 1991, is a core project of the International Geosphere-Biosphere Program (IGBP) and is funded by the U.S. and Swiss National Science Foundations, and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). It is overseen by a Scientific Steering Committee comprised of members chosen to represent the major techniques and disciplines, while at the same time providing regional geographic representation.
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Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR)
scar logoWelcome to the Home Page of the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR), an inter-disciplinary committee of the International Council for Science (ICSU). SCAR is charged with initiating, developing and coordinating high-quality international scientific research in the Antarctic region, and on the role of the Antarctic region in the Earth system. The scientific business of SCAR is conducted by its Standing Scientific Groups, which represent the scientific disciplines active in Antarctic research and report to SCAR.
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SHALDRIL
shaldrill logoA marine geological research program with the goal of recovering sediment cores from the Antarctic shelf by drilling from an ice breaker. This approach will enable the recovery of important stratigraphics data and dating seismic sequences on the Antarctic continental shelf. The principal objective of this initial drilling leg is to test the drilling system using the RV/IB N.B. Palmer, but the core acquired will have immense scientific value. The targets include Tertiary strata that should record climate change and cryosphere evolution in the Antarctic Peninsula region, and the faunal and floral changes associated with these events. Other drill sites will include a site targeting a Pleistocene grounding zone wedge and its record of ice flow during the last glacial maximum, and a site targeting an expanded Holocene section that bears a record of high-frequency climate change.
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US-NSF Office of Polar Programs and United States Antarctic Program (USAP)
nsf logo nsf logoThe Office of Polar Programs (OPP) manages and initiates National Science Foundation funding for basic research and its operational support in the Arctic and the Antarctic. The funds are provided as NSF grants to institutions (mainly U.S. universities), whose scientists perform the research at the institutions or in a polar region, and as cooperative agreements or contracts to support organizations including contractors and the U.S. military. OPP supports individual investigators or research teams and U.S. participation in multinational projects. Projects can involve investigators from many disciplines and institutions over several years. Organizationally, OPP has two science sections, one each for the Arctic and the Antarctic. A third section manages the provision of logistics and support operations including field stations, camps, and laboratories. The United States is a leading nation in polar science, and research results have global significance. As well, the polar regions intrigue the public and provide opportunities for educational enrichment.
Click here to visit the NSF Polar Programs website.
Click here to visit the USAP website.